Wednesday, October 7, 2009


Satu terma undang-undang yang ingin saya kongsikan bersama anda pada hari ini ialah tentang istilah “frustration” yang digunakan dalam kes-kes kontrak.

Mengikut Law Dictionary, commercial frustration bermaksud sebagaimana berikut:

n. an unforeseen uncontrollable event which occurs after a written or oral contract is entered into between parties, and makes it impossible for one of the parties to fulfill his/her duties under the contract. This circumstance allows the frustrated party to rescind the contract without penalty. Such frustration (called frustration of purpose) could include the destruction by fire of the goods to be purchased, the denial of a permit to construct a building by a potential buyer, or denial of an application for a zoning variance to allow expansion by a contractor.

Manakala frustration of purpose bermaksud sebagaimana berikut:

n. sometimes called commercial frustration, when unexpected events arise which make a contract impossible to be performed, entitling the frustrated party to rescind the contract without paying damages. Example: Jack Appleseller contracts to buy a commercial building to rent out, and, while the sale is pending, the building is condemned by the city as unsafe for any use. Mr. Appleseller can back out of the purchase without obligation.

Impossibility pula diberi makna sebagaimana berikut;

n. when an act cannot be performed due to nature, physical impediments or unforeseen events. It can be a legitimate basis to rescind (mutually cancel) a contract.

Bagi sesiapa yang ingin berkongsi maklumat tentang ‘defence of frustration’ dalam kes-kes kontrak, contohnya huraian-huraian oleh ahli-ahli akademik atau contoh-contoh kes terdahulu di mahkamah,bolehlah e-mailkan maklumat tersebut ke

Perkongsian anda amatlah saya hargai.

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